Wiring loom

PinFunctieKleur/subkleurBijzonderheden
15VoltBlue-RedSupply MAP / TPS
2LambdaPurple-WhiteAnalog 0-5V input
3Coolant TemperatureYellowThermistor input
4Air TemperatureOrangeThermistor input
5Digital input PE0Purple-GreenSwitch to GROUND
6Crank signal +Afgeschermd GreyCrankshaft sensor
7Cam signal +Afgeschermd BlueCAM phase sensor
8CAN_LGreenCANbus signal low
912V SupplyRed-GreenFuse 2A
10GroundBlackGround on engine block
11MassaZwartGround on engine block
12Stepper 1BGrey-BlackMax 1A
13Stepper 2BGrey-BlueMax 1A
14Ignition AWhitePulse Ignition Coil. Max 60mA
15Progr.output LED15PinkSwitching to ground Max 5A
16Progr.output JS11BrownSwitching to ground Max 5A
17FuelPump relayPurpleSwitching to ground Max 5A
18PWM F-idle valveDarkgreen-BrownSwitching to ground Max 5A
19Injection Ch1Green-WhiteSwitching to ground Max 5A
20Injection Ch2Green-PinkSwitching to ground Max 5A
21Analog input JS5Dark-GreenAnalog input 0-5V
22Analog input JS4BlueAnalog input 0-5V
23Throttle PositionBlue-WhiteAnalog input 0-5V
24MAP SensorBlue-YellowAnalog input 0-5V
25Digital input PE1Purple-GreySwitch to ground
26Crank signal -Shielded GreyHALL requires 1V Pull-up
27Cam sensor -Shielded GreyHALL requires 1V Pull-up
28CAN_HYellowCANbus signal low
29SensorGroundBlackGround for sensors
30SensorGroundBlackGround for sensors
31GroundBlackGround to engine block
32Stepper 1AGrey-RedMax 1A (12V@power-up)
33Stepper 2AGrey-YellowMax 1A (12V@power-up)
34Ignition BGreyPulse Ignition Coil. Max 60mA
35Ignition CPinkPulse Ignition Coil. Max 60mA
36Ignition DBrownPulse Ignition Coil. Max 60mA
37Ignition EDark-GreenPulse Ignition Coil. Max 60mA
38Ignition FBluePulse Ignition Coil. Max 60mA
39Injection Ch3Green-PurpleSwitching to ground Max 5A
40Injection Ch4Green-BlackSwitching to ground Max 5A

Power supply and safety circuit

At least 2 relays are used for the EFIgnition cable harnesses.

Main Relay
Fuel pump Relay
The main ralay / main relay prevents a voltage drop over the original wiring or components such as ignition switch.

The Fuel Pump Relay or fuel pump relay prevents the presence of voltage on components such as fuel pump, injectors, ignition coils and other actuators when the engine is not running.

We usually place other relays close to the consumer, such as close to a ventialtor.

The diagram looks like this:

The relays are powered by the battery. The ignition lock gives the relay voltage coil. The main relay switches on immediately when the key switch is turned. The fuel pump relay is operated by the EFIgnition and only comes on when necessary.

A typical behavior is that the fuel pump relay switches on for a few seconds when the ignition is switched on and then falls off. When starting, the EFIgnition recognizes a speed and the relay will switch on again.

Each group is separately secured. A fuse close to the battery prevents the cable harness from breaking if there is a short circuit somewhere between the battery and the fuse box.

Sensors CLT IAT TPS MAP

The following sensors are all fairly easy to connect. There are a few points for attention.

  • The thermistor sensors (temperature sensors) are not allowed to make mass anywhere, except on the sensor mass of the EFIgnition.
  • The TPS sensor can be connected incorrectly so that it works incorrectly or it becomes an adjustable short circuit.
  • The MAP sensor will break if it is not connected correctly.
  • There are not enough sensor ground pins on the ECU. These may / must therefore be shared among several sensors.
  • There is one 5V output for several sensors. So you must / may also split this.

Crankshaft and Camshaft sensor

VR sensor

Connecting an inductive or VR sensor is easy. Provide a shielded cable. The shield may only be grounded at the ECU. There are 2 wires in the disconnected cable which come at the plus and minus of the sensor.

A HALL sensor or Opto sensor is a bit more difficult in terms of connection. There is a piece of electronics in the sensor. This electronics needs power to work. As a power supply we can use the same wire that supplies the EFIgnition with voltage. The mass of the sensor is made at the central mass point of the ECU.

Most of these sensors switch to ground. While the EFIgnition expects a voltage. A pull-up resistor is then required. This is the 2k2 Ohm (2200 Ohm) resistor in the diagram. We need to raise the negative sensor circuit connection of the EFIgnition a bit so that the signal really goes through a threshold voltage when the sensor switches. We do this by making a voltage divider of 10k and 1k and offering the intermediate voltage to the negative connection of the sensor circuit.

Connect the Lambda controller

The lambda controller ensures that the lambda probe is heated precisely to 750 degrees. It also converts the current signal from the lambda probe to a 0-5 Volt signal to be understood by the ECU.

The connection differs per lambda controller.

The 14Point7 Spartan2, for example, has 6 wires. The Innovate Motorsports LC-2 has 4.

Not all wires will be connected (NC).

Function4-pin SupersealLC-2Spartan2
12VPin 1 Purple-RedRedRood
GroundPin 2 BlackBlackWhite
0-5VPin 3 Purple-WhiteYellowGreen
SensorGroundPin 4 Purple-BlackNCBlack
NB outputNCBrownBrown
SensorStatusNCNCBlue

 

Connecting the injectors

Impedance

Pay attention to which injectors you use. The EFIgnition circuits are only suitable for high-impedance injectors. Measure the resistance of the injectors. This must be at least 10 Ohm.

Connection four-cylinder

The EFIgnition has a "Low Side" circuit. This means that the injector is switched to ground. The EFIgnition runs the injector channels in order. So make sure that the correct injector is on the correct channel. See also the diagram below.

Connection 6/8/12 cylinder

The EFIgnition has 4 final stages for the injection. To control a 6 cylinder we use only 3 and we connect 2 injectors parallel to each channel. The engine is now running semi-sequentially. We can do the same with a V8 engine. But now we use the 4th injection channel. With a V12 we use 3 groups and we connect 4 injectors to each group.

 

Connecting the ignition coil(s)

EFIgniton output sends out a pulse. Therefore, ignition coils with a built-in ignition transistor must be used, or an ignition module must be added.

The connection of, for example, a VAG DIS ignition coil is as follows:

If we use ignition coils without a built-in ignition transistor, we must install an ignition module. The connection then looks like this:

V8 / V12 engines

The EFIgnition has 6 ignition coil channels. However, we do not all have to use these. A 4 cylinder connected to a DIS coil uses only 2 coil channels. The remaining channels can be used for other functions. With a V8 that runs on a DIS coil, only 4 coil channels are used. We can also run a V8 on 8 individual ignition coils. We then let 2 ignition coils spark at the same time. We call this "wasted spark". For example, it is possible to run a V12 with 12 separate ignition coils. If the V12 has 2 spark plugs per cylinder, then we can work with 12 DIS ignition coils, so that 1 coil causes 2 spark plugs to spark.

Connect idle control

Stepper motor

The EFIgnition has a stepper motor driver. The stepper motor consists of 2 coil pairs that allow the motor to take small steps by switching the coils on and off, but also by reversing the flow direction. There are 2 channels. Each channel has 2 wires. These belong together. If wire 1A plus 12V, wire 1B is ground. If the ECU switches then wire 1A becomes ground and wire 1B plus 12V.

The control is fairly precise. If the connection is incorrect, a coil will get 2x plus or 2x minus, so the motor will not work properly.

If we do not use a stepper motor but a PWM F-idle valve (or no stationary control at all) then we can use the IAC outputs to control something. For example a Boost-control solonoid or an E-Fan control.

The current may be a maximum of 1A.

At rest there is voltage on this circuit. So there will be a current if we connect something to it. The pairs 1A, 1B and 2A, 2B belong together and may not be exchanged. The moment the function becomes active, the flow direction will reverse. To prevent that the relay, the actuator or the lamp always stays on, we must include a diode in the circuit (1N4007).

 

PWM F-Idle Valve

This valve works with Pulse Width Modulation. There are roughly 2 variants:

  • 2 wires
  • 3 wires

The wiring goes about the same, except that a resistor of 20 Ohm must be added for the 3-wire. Note: this must be a resistor that can disipate at least 25Watt of heat.

Some 2-wire PWM F-idle valves contain a diode. It is particularly important to have the polarity correct for these valves. Test this before connecting the valve. Wrong connection will cause a short circuit and possibly damage the ECU.

 

 

 

If no PWM F-idle valve is applied then this port can be freely assigned. Then you can connect this circuit as below and, for example, connect a relay for a fan to it.

 

Analogue inputs

Various accessories can be connected to the analog 0-5V input. Such as a pressure sensor (fuel pressure, oil pressure or barosensor), a potentiometer, a knock module or an EGT module. We have connected a potentiometer in the diagram below. Please note: if ignition outputs E and F are in use, the analogue inputs are occupied and nothing may be connected to them.

 

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